The incidence of part-time jobs has been increasing in OECD countries, in particular, considering that people with a lower participation in the labor force tend to work part-time when they enter the labor market (OECD, 2010a) and due to public policy efforts aimed at improving the activity of people outside the labor force. Part-time work can help provide flexibility and make it easier to reconcile work and family. Historically a higher proportion of women are employed part-time. Migrants from the Americas are no exception: the share of part-time workers in total jobs held by migrant women was 16 percentage points higher than that of migrant men,
The share of employees working part-time was higher in the United States than in Spain for most population groups in 2010-2011, particularly for migrant women from the Americas where almost one in three worked in a job part-time in the United States. In Spain, on the other hand, the proportion of migrant women from the Americas who worked part-time was lower (16%), and was even 6 percentage points lower than those born in the country and 10 points lower than migrants born in other countries. parts.
(Graph 10: Part-time work of emigrants from the Americas, averages 2010-2011)
he prevalence of part-time work tended to be higher among migrant women from the Southern Cone and especially the Andean Region than from the Caribbean and Central America, but it was migrant women from the United States who had the highest rate, at nearly 40 %, followed by women from Bolivia with 35% and Costa Rica with about 30%. The prevalence among men exceeded 10% only among men emigrated from the United States, Haiti, and Grenada.
While part-time work may be a way to improve the participation of certain groups in the labor market, they nonetheless offer lower wages, less job security, and fewer training and promotion opportunities than full-time jobs. full16. With a reduction in the working-age population on the horizon for many OECD countries, increasing working hours among part-time workers is likely to become a strategy to improve economic activity among the resident population. If so, there will be considerable potential to increase working hours for many workers, both those born in the country of destination and those born abroad.