Notes (II)

1. Historical data on remittances from Brazil has been updated to strictly reflect the concept of remittances defined in the Balance of Payments Manual of the International Monetary Fund. Likewise, the data for Panama (2010) and Ecuador (2009 and 2010) have been updated. These adjustments are reflected in the regional totals in Figure 1. The analysis in … Read more

Conclusions and Prospects for 2012

For the remittance market in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2011 represented a year of growth recovery compared to the 2008-2010 period, despite the persistent economic uncertainty on the European continent. As seen in previous years, the volume of remittances received by each country in the region depended to a large extent on the number of … Read more

The Effect of Receiving Countries on the Flow of Remittances

Although the amount of remittances sent depends on the economic situation in the sending countries and the way in which it affects the income of the migrants residing there, at the time of making their remittances, migrants also tend to take into consideration other factors specific to the receiving point. Thus, factors such as the value … Read more

The Effect of Sending Countries on Remittance Flows

The economic situation of the countries where the migrant resides determines their ability to obtain employment and generate income, and as a consequence, affects the amount of remittances they can send each year. In this context, the employment and unemployment rates, as well as the wages of migrants in host countries, are indicators that largely explain … Read more

Part-Time Work of Migrant Workers From the Americas

The incidence of part-time jobs has been increasing in OECD countries, in particular, considering that people with a lower participation in the labor force tend to work part-time when they enter the labor market (OECD, 2010a) and due to public policy efforts aimed at improving the activity of people outside the labor force. Part-time work can … Read more

Emigration from the Americas to OECD Countries

As highlighted above, migration in the Americas remains very much an Americas issue, although large numbers of emigrants have been choosing Spain in recent decades. Italy, Germany, Canada and Chile5 have each admitted approximately 300 to 400 thousand immigrants from the Americas in the last ten years (see Box 2). Box 2: Statistics on emigrants from … Read more

Results of Labor Insertion of Migrant Workers From the Americas

In 2010 and 2011 there have been some small initial signs of recovery in many OECD countries, but the general situation of immigrants from the Americas in the labor market cannot be said to have improved much. Graph 9 shows the evolution of the situation (Graph 9: Evolution of labor insertion of workers from the Americas … Read more

Age, Gender and Region of Destination of Emigrants From the Americas

The majority of emigrants from the Americas in the United States and Europe in 2010-2011 were of working age (Table 6.a). Approximately half of the emigrant population over 15 years of age was between 25 and 44 years of age, in contrast to the population born in the country of destination and immigrants from other parts … Read more

The Immigrant Population

Historically, all the countries of the Americas have experienced migratory movements, particularly from Europe and Africa, which have contributed significantly to their populations. After gaining independence, many countries in the region encouraged migration from Europe to attract the capital and labor needed for economic development. The World Wars and the Great Depression resulted in a large reduction … Read more

Migration by Income Category

The importance of labor migration in permanent movements varies considerably among the countries of the Americas for which data is available by category (Figure 2). Chile and Uruguay stand out in particular, with almost 60% of migration in these countries attributable to migrant workers in 2010. However, this may reflect the fact that permanent and temporary … Read more